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2-Ethylhexanoic Acid in Baby Food and Fruit Juices
Uses of 2-Ethylhexanoic Acid
The 2-Ethylhexanoic Acid (EHA) is widely used in the technical sector. EHA is an intermediate product for the production of siccatives in paint, thickening agents for fuel, surface-active agents, emulsifiers, plasticizers, stabilizers for silicones and PVC, corrosion inhibitors, fungicides, peroxy esters.

The metallic salts of the EHA, for example Ca/Zn-, Ba/Zn- and Sn-Salts, are mainly used as thermo stabilizers in PVC. During thermal stress on the PVC the EHA-salts intercept the arising hydrochloride.

2-Ethyhexanoic Acid have been found in baby food
Scientists of the University of Würzburg have found 2-Ethylhaxanoic Acid in baby food and fruit juice. They tested 60 samples of baby food and fruit juice. EHA was found in 80 percent of the baby food samples and in 73 percent of the fruit juice samples. The food in which EHA was found was filled in glass and closed with twist off caps. The concentrations of EHA ranged from 0.6 to 3.2 mg/kg food.

The presence of EHA in baby food is due to the use of these products in the packaging. The EHA thermo stabilizers are used in the plastic sealing of the twist off caps. EHA is also used in the paint of the caps as succative.
By the contact of the food with the packaging material, EHA migrates into the food. Therefore EHA could be found in the food samples.

Toxicological Assessment
Actually there are no regulations or target values for 2-Ethylhexanoic Acid. The European Commission modulate toxic and harmful Substances with effects on unborn child in the Directive 67/549/EEC. According to this Directive, Annex VI, the German Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (FIOSH, German acronym BAuA) classified EHA as suspected to cause harmful effects on embryos. EHA is classified in the German TRGS 905 (Ordinance of Hazardous Substances) as "Under suspicion to cause reproductive effects", R63 in Category 3.

The U.S Environment Protection Agency (EPA) announced that 2-Ethyhexanoic Acid "may present an unreasonable risk of oncogenicity, developmental toxicity, and subchronic toxicity" (EPA, Federal Register, Vol. 51, No.215)

GALAB Services
GALAB Laboratories offer an analytical service for your Quality Management. GALAB developed a methodology to detect EHA in food and packaging. We are able to detect levels of EHA in food and packaging down to 50 µg/kg.
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